Why are skin problems some of the most common issues pug owners have to deal with? That's because their skin folds creating an environment where fungi and bacteria can grow.
Let's look at the three most common causes of skin problems for pugs.
Ringworm is a fungal infection that commonly manifests as a ring-shaped lesion. It looks like a patchy and crusted bald spot. Normally, healthy adult dogs will not get ringworm. But, if your dog has a low immune system then the chance of him getting ringworm will be much higher.
Your dog can pick up the fungus from a variety of places such as the park or in the soil. Since the fungus likes warm, moist areas, the folds on a pug’s skin are perfect breeding ground. Once it has taken hold, it will quickly multiply and spread across your pug’s skin.
It's crucial to know that you can catch ringworm from your pug. Make sure you take precautions for yourself when you come into contact with your dog such as keeping your skin clean and dry. Sanitizing all of their toys, beds, and other things they come into contact will help reduce the spread of the fungus.
Don't delay treatment, a veterinarian visit should be scheduled to determine how bad the infection is.
When you see your pug puppy constantly scratching and biting themselves, it could be a sign of allergies caused by the environment, insect bites, or certain foods.
The inhaled allergens like pollen and food allergens(usually the meat source or grain in their food) might lead your pet to develop allergic diseases such as allergic rhinitis, asthma and atopic dermatitis (eczema).
While many dogs are immune to mites, dogs with a low immune system or at an older age can easily develop Demodex Mange. It is a result of the Demodex Canis mite.
In the case of mange, lesions can be all over the body or just in the small area. Hair will be missing, inflammation will occur, cracks that open and ooze can appear, and a pug’s appetite will be reduced.
Take a skin scraping sample to have the vet examined it under a microscope. Doing so will reveal whether there are mites and lesions occurring, and help determine a course of action to treat the mange including shaving all hair off from infected areas, bathing with special shampoo, and applying a solution that kills mites. Your vet can also determine if your pug’s immune system is low, and why and how to improve it.